Question about Radio Communications
Posted by Anonymous on
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Posted on Jan 02, 2017
Wow. That's not at all a solution to what this guy is asking. And why all the caps??
The one point jm77437 has that is correct is that you do not set the radio, you set the antenna. The rest is blah blah.
Here is how you tune your antenna for you radio. First off it depends on what kind of antenna you have. most fiberglass antennas have a tunable tip to adjust the height of the antenna. Metal whips either have a collar at the base that the whip will either slide up or down in to adjust the height. The other type of metal whip's you have to physically clip to shorten the antenna, you must be careful with this type because once its clipped, that's it. You cannot add what you cut off.
I am going to give this example using a metal whip with an adjustable collar.
First after your radio is hooked up in the vehicle, drive to an open lot. Buildings and other structures can cause extra reflection. turn to channel 1. Flip the meter to CAL. Key the mic without talking. Now turn the CAL knob up until the needle reaches the little upside down triangle all the way to the right marked CAL. Now you have just celebrated your radio for your setup to measure you SWR. Now while still holding the key, flip the meter switch to SWR. The needle will move, and where it stops is your SWR reading. The lower the better. Anything under 1.5 is considered really good. But still, the lower the better.
Make note of what your SWR was on ch 1.
Now flip to channel 40. Repeat the SWR process. You must recalabrate each time you take a reading.
Now like jm77437 said. If your SWR reading is higher on 40 then 1, then your antenna is too long, and you must make it shorter. Loosen the collar and lower the antenna in the collar 1/4 inch at a time. check the swr each time you adjust the antenna.
If your SWR reading is higher on channel 1, then your antenna is too short. You must make your antenna longer. Do this by loossening the collar and pulling the antenna upward in the collar 1/4 inch at a time, again checking the swr each time you adjust the antenna.
What you want to achieve is having the same SWR reading on channel 1 and 40. then you have the best match you are going to get with that antenna.
If your swr is under 1.5 on all channels, you don't need to fuss unless you are a perfectionist. then by all means go ahead.
If your reading is higher then 3, or your ant light comes on, something is really wrong. Make sure your antenna is connected all the way, and the coax is not damaged.
Its important to have an appropriate SWR because if you do not, you are reflecting too much signal back into the radio, and eventually you will burn out your final transistor, and your radio will be toast.
Some tips: make sure you check the swr with the doors and windows shut. Make sure you are in an open lot. Remember to calabrate ecah time you take a reading. If you have had your radio peaked by a radio shop, and they have lowered your dead key, or have done a swing modification, then the meter in your radio will not work when taking an SWR reading and you will have to use an external meter.
Posted on Apr 24, 2009
Follow the link below to download and print your radio's operating manual - at no cost. It contains the calibration instructions and everything else you need to operate the radio.
Posted on Oct 31, 2010
SOURCE: cobra 29 refuses to calibrate
get you a external swe meter $40 at radioshack the swr on the radios are worth diddly their always off bad so it would do u no good with that one working i never use the internal cause they put out false readings
Posted on Mar 11, 2013
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