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Fluid level and a dirty filter are the first things to check, then a band adjustment is next on the list. as the pan needs to come off to change the filter adjst the bands at the same time. the tea levels in the bottom of the oil pan will tell you in there are more serious issues inside.
There should not need to be any "adjustments" for a normal fluid and filter service for your vehicle, unless you have replaced some parts of your transmission that requires adjustment such as the gearshift lever, intermediate and overdrive band, throttle cable, or transmission range sensor/switch.
With that said, the band adjustment specs are "Tighten the band adjusting screw to 10 Ft.Lbs. (14 N.m.) then back off 2 full turns. While holding band adjusting scew stationary, tighten the locking nut to 35-45 Ft.Lbs. (48-61 N.m.)
foward and no reverse.In order for the reverse to happen there is a transmission brake assemble,the transmission band holds the brake assembly thus allowing fluid to be driven according to gear selection, when no reverse happens there is a malfunction of mechanical or hydraulic part, Depending on the condition you can adjust the kick down or adjust the band. A general procedure for automatic transmission band adjustment involves tightening the band adjusting screw to a given torque sequence, back off the adjusting screw from turning while torque-tightening the adjustment screw about a 1/4 turn and lock down the lock nut,and recheck to see if reverse has been restored.
The band adjustment in not a torque adjustment. Drop the main pan on the transmission. You will see the valve body with filter on it. At the rear drivers side you will see a round dome piece with a flat flange with four bolts in it. Remove the bolts and take this cover off. Now you will see a round piston with an adjustment screw in it. Break the jam nut loose and tighten the allen bolt in until tight. Back off five complete turns and reset jam nut. When you have the pan off, take note of how much clutch material is in it. If you have a lot it could be time to replace the clutches. Also it is a good idea to put in a new filter if you are in there. Good luck
The correct fluid to put in a 1997 van is (ATF-3). Sounds like you need to make adjustment on both the forward and reverse bands of the transmission to correct your problem. The kickdown band (front) forward is located at the top (outside) of the transaxle near the front. To adjust the band,loosen the lock nut approximately 5 turns. With the lock nut loose the adjusting screw should turn freely in case. Tighten the adjustment screw with an inch lb. torque wrench to 72 in-lbs. Then back the screw out 2 1/4 turns, hold the screw in place and tighten the lock nut to 35 ft-lbs. Then after removeing the transmission pan and filter the low-reverse band is located next to the valve body. Loosen the lock nut 5 turns so the adjustment screw is free. Turn the adjustment screw in to 41 in-lbs, then back the screw out 3 1/2 turns. Hold the adjustment screw and tighten the lock nut 10 ft-lbs. Install transmission pan/with gasket and refill transaxle to proper level. Test drive van. Be safe and block the rear wheels before you raise the van and try to work under it. Hope this will help you.
Tighten the band adjustment to 18 inch pounds it is a stud with a locking nut on the side of the transmission it is the one located toward the rear of the transmission not the one towards the front that is the 1st/reverse band adjust replace the modulator if problem persists sometimes they stick
I have a 91 ranger. There are two band adjustments on the transmission that is supposed to be adjusted every 60K miles. There are two adjustments, one for overdrive and the other for everything else. The overdrive adjustment is closest to the front of the transmission and the other is back behind it closer to the shift lever on the driver side. The locking nut is a 19" and there is a tool you get for the other nut. I have found a 3/8th (I believe) 12 point socket will fit on the square. You loosen the lock nut, then you tighten the band adjustment bolt to 10 foot pounds. Then you back the bolt off 2 full turns, then hold it in place while re-tightening your lock nut. I had to adjust my bolt in 1/4 turns at a time after test driving to get the transmission to shift just right.
Don't have specs on band but the rule is that it should be close enough to the drum to engage without slamming, and loose enough to permit drum to turn without band dragging on it. Biggest problem I've seen people have when adjusting is that adjustment tightens down while turning lock nut. To avoid this, I usually adjust a bit looser than final adjustment so it tightens to correct position instead of becoming too tight. Don't drive 'till you have it right or you will burn band surface. When engaged in reverse, band should be applied and cannot drag. If you adjusted another band, check that one for improper adjustment.